Independence: 17 March 1861
National holiday: Republic Day, 2 June
Flag: three equal vertical bands of green (hoist side), white, and red; similar to the flag of Ireland, which is longer and is green (hoist side), white, and orange; also similar to the flag of the Cote d'Ivoire, which has the colors reversed - orange (hoist side), white, and green .
Location: Southern Europe, a peninsula extending into the central Mediterranean Sea, northeast of Tunisia
Population: Italy 58,133,509, Ischia 17,973
Climate: predominantly Mediterranean; Alpine in far north; hot, dry in south