ATHENS (Athína) has been inhabited continuously for over 7000 years. Protected by a ring of mountains, its acropolis was a natural choice for prehistoric settlement and commands views of all approaches from the sea. Development into a city-state and and as an artistic centre reached its apotheosis in the Classical period of the fifth century BC with a flourish of art, architecture, literature and philosophy that has pervaded western culture ever since. More than a third of Greek citizens live in Athens.
Population: The population of Athens is 772,072. The population of Greece is 10.7 million.
Location: Athens is located in Greece. Greece is located in Southern Europe on the Mediterranean Sea.
Climate: The climate of Greece tends to be temperate and mild with wet winters and hot, dry summers.
Local Time: The local time of Athens is Greenwhich Mountain Time +2 which is ten hours ahead of Los Angeles.
Capital of Greece: The capital of Greece is Athens.
National Day of Greece: Independence Day, 25 March (1821) (proclamation of the war of independence)
Flag of Greece: The flag of Greece has nine equal horizontal stripes of blue alternating with white. There is a blue square in the upper hoist-side corner bearing a white cross. The cross symbolizes Greek Orthodoxy, the established religion of the country.